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  • Research

    Although the District cut the research section and is not directly conducting research studies, we are partnering with Florida Gulf Coast University (FGCU) on a study that will benefit the District and Lee County. LCMCD was able to partner with FGCU this year on a research project and received a $100,000 grant to study non-target effects of aerial adulticiding.

    Research to evaluate new products and new application techniques for control of adult and immature mosquitos has always been an integral part of the District’s operational programs. Since its onset, the District has participated in cooperative research and development projects with universities, mosquito control districts, pesticide manufacturers, and state, federal, and international  research laboratories affiliated with the USDA, CDC, DOD, WHO, UNDP, and USAID. The District’s goal is to stay abreast of all the latest mosquito-control technologies, and continually update the operational programs with the safest and most cost-effective products and application techniques. Below you find information on Past Research, Patents and Presentations.

    Past Research by District Staff:

    Hertlein, B. C., J. Hornby, and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1977. Reduction of the St. Louis Encephalitis Vector in Sewage Treatment Units with Bacillus sphaericus.

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    Hertlein, B. C.  1977.  The possibility of controlling mosquitoes with bacteria.  Proc. Fla. Anti-Mosq. Assoc. 48:  13-15.

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    Levy, R. and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1977. Susceptibility of the Mosquito Nematode Romanomermis cculicivorax (Mermithidae) to Pesticides and Growth Regulators. Environmental Entomology. Vol. 6, No. 3.447-448.

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    Levy, R., and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1977. Thermal Tolerance of Romanomermis culicivorax, a Nematode Parasite of Mosquitoes. J. of Nematology. Vol. 9, No. 3. 259-260.

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    Levy, R. and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1977. Recent Developments in the Biological Control of Mosquitoes in Lee County. Proc. FL Anti-Mosq. Assoc. 48: 11-13.

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    Levy, R. and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1977

    Ramoska, W. A., J. Burgess & S. Singer. 1978. Field application of a bacterial insecticide. Mosquito News. Vol. 38, No. 1. 57-60.

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    Cassani, J. R. and R. G. Bland. 1978. Distribution of floodwater mosquito eggs in a partially wooded, central Michigan lowland . Mosquito News. Volume 38, No. 4. 566-569.

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    Hertlein, B. C., R. Levy & T. W. Miller, Jr.  1979.  Recycling potential and selective retrieval of Bacillus sphaericus from soil in a mosquito habitat.  J. Invertebr. Pathol. 33:  217-22.

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    Levy, R. and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1979. Observations on the Sea Anemone Aiptasia pallida, a Potential Biological Control Agent of Salt Marsh Mosquitoes. The Florida Entomologist, Vol. 62, No. 4.

    Levy, R., W. D. Garrett, J. J. Chizzonite and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1980. Control of Culex Spp. mosquitoes in sewage treatment systems of southwestern Florida with monomolecular organic surface films. Mosquito News. Vol. 40-1. 27-35.

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    Hertlein, B. C., J. Hornby, R. Levy & T. W. Miller, Jr.  1980a.  Shelf-life of larvicidal preparations based on the strain 1593 of Bacillus sphaericus.  WHO mimeo. Doc. WHO/VBC/80.790.  3 pp.

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    Hertlein, B. C., J. Hornby, R. Levy & T. W. Miller, Jr.  1980b.  Prospects of spore-forming bacterial for vector control with special emphasis on their local production potential.  WHO/VBC/80.791.  11 p.

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    Hertlein, B. C., J. Hornby, R. Levy & T. W. Miller, Jr.  1980c.  Evolution of mosquito control.  Proc. Florida Anti-Mosq. Assoc. 51:  59-67.

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    Hertlein, B.C., J. Hornby, R. Levy and T.W. Miller. 1980. Factors Influencing the Activity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis Treatments. J. Amer. Mosq.

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    Cassani, J. R. and  H. D. Newson. 1980. An annotated list of mosquitoes reported from Michigan. Mosquito News. 40: 356-368.

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    Hertlein, B. C., J. Hornby, R. Levy & T. W. Miller, Jr.  1981.  Prospects of spore-forming bacteria for vector control with special emphasis on their local production potential.  Rev. Ind. Microbiol. 22:  53-60.

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    Levy, R., J. J. Chizzonite, W. D. Garrett & T. W. Miller, Jr. 1981. Ground and aerial application of a monomolecular organic surface film to control salt-marsh mosquitoes in natural habitats of southwest Florida. Mosquito News. Vol. 41-2. 291-301.

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    Levy, R., J.J. Chizzonite, W. D. Garrett and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1982. Efficace of the Organic Surface Film Isostearyl Alcohol Containing Two Oxyethylene Groups For Control of Culex and Psorophora Mosquitoes: Laboratory and Field Studies. Mosquito News. Vol. 42, No. 1. 1-13.

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    Levy, R., J.J. Chizzonite, W. D. Garrett and T. W. Miller, Jr. 1982. Control of Larvae and Pupae of Anopheles quadrimaculatus and Anopheles crucians in Natural Paludal Ponds with the Monomolecular Surface Film Isostearyl Alcohol Containing Two Oxyethylene Groups. Mosquito News. Vol. 42, No. 2. 172-178.

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    Levy, R., C.M. Powell, B.C. Hertlein, W. D. Garrett and T.W. Miller, Jr. 1982. Additional Studies on the Use of the Monomolecular Surface Film Arosurf® 66-E2 for Operational Control of Mosquito Larvae and Pupae. J. FL Anti-Mosquito Assoc. Vol. 53, No. 2. 100-106.

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    Hornby, J. A., Hertlein, B. C., and T. W. Miller, Jr.  1984. Persistent spores and mosquito larvacidal activity of Bacillus sphaericus 1593 in well water and sewage.  J. Ga. Entomol. Soc. 19: 165-167.

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    Burgess, J. H., G. Wichterman & T. W. Miller, Jr. 1984. St. Louis Encephalitis Surveillance in Lee County 1977-1983. J. FL Anti-mosq Control Assoc. Vol. 55, Number 1. 28-31.

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    https://archive.org/stream/cbarchive_102242_aninjectionmethodforsprayingbi1985/JAMCA_V01_N2_P255-257_djvu.txt

    BERNARD HERTLEIN, JONATHAN HORNBY, RICHARD LEVY and T. W. MILLER, JR. 1985.  AN INJECTION METHOD FOR SPRAYING  BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AGENTS AND A MONOMOLECULAR SURFACE FILM FOR CONTROL OF IMMATURE MOSQUITOES ,  June, 1985, J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc.

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    Burgess, J. H., R. Levy & T. W. Miller, Jr. 1985. A new method for applying Arosurf MSF (monomolecular surface film formulations). J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. June. 245-247.

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    Cassani, J. R. and W. E. Caton. 1985. Induced tripoloidy in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella val. Aquaculture, 46. 37-44.

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    Levy, R., C. M. Powell & T. W. Miller, Jr. 1985. Persistence of the Mosquito Larvicide and Pupicide Arosurf®MSF in Permanent and Semi-Permanent Habitats. J. FL Anti-Mosq. Control Assoc. Vol. 56-1. 32-36.

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    http://www.sove.org/SOVE%20folder/journal/sovejournal74-2000/SOVE%201985,%20VOL%2010,%20NO%202.pdf

    Hornby, Jonathan A.; Gardner, Wayne A. 1987. Dosage/Mortality Response of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Other Noctuid Larvae to Beta-exotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis.  Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 80, Number 4, August 1987 , pp. 925-929(5).

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    Levy, R., Nichols, M.A., Hornby, J.A., and Miller, Jr., T.W. 1989. Controlled release of mosquito larvicides and pupicides from a crosslinked polyacrylarnide Culigel@) SP superabsorbent polymer matrix. Proceed. Intern. Symp. Control. Rel. Bioact. Mater., 16:437-438.

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    Burgess, J. H. and T. W. Miller. 1991. Lee County Mosquito Control District’s experiences with St. Louis Encephalitis in 1990. J. Fl. Mosq. Control Assoc. Vol.62.number 2. 64-66.

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    Burgess, J. H. and T. W. Miller. 1991. SLE in Florida, 1990. Proceedings of the 78th Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Mosq. Control Assoc. 26-29.

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    Hornby, J. A., Cotterill, B., and Miller, Jr., T. W. 1992. Larval mosquito control by Lagenidium giganteum. J. Florida Mosq. Contrl. Assoc. 63, 82-86.

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    Hornby, J. A., D. E. Moore, and T. W. Miller, Jr.  1994. Aedes albopictus distribution, abundance, and colonization in Lee County, Florida, and its effect on Aedes aegypti. Journalof American Mosquito Control Association. 10: 397–402.

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    Hornby, J. A.; Opp, W. R. 1994. Aedes albopictus distribution, abundance and colonization in Collier County, Florida and its effect on Aedes aegypti.  Journal of the Florida Mosquito Control Association 1994, publ. 1995 Vol. 65 pp. 28-34.

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    http://www1.fipr.state.fl.us/fipr/fipr1.nsf/129fc2ac92d337ca85256c5b00481502/91394e93569f306b85256b2f005c5c4b/$FILE/05-037-113Final.pdf

    J. P. Cuda, Ph.D. and Jonathan A. Hornby, Ph.D. with Brian Cotterill, M.S., Maria Cattell, B.S., and Dana Gosnell, B.S. March 1995. EVALUATION OF LAGENIDIUM GIGANTEUM FOR BIOCONTROL OF FLORIDA MANSONIA MOSQUITOESFINAL REPORT

    BOARD OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS

    Hillsborough County Road and Street Department, Mosquito and Aquatic Weed Control Unit

    4220 Tampa Bay Boulevard, Tampa, Florida 33614

     

    LEE COUNTY MOSQUITO CONTROL DISTRICT

    15191 Homestead Road, Lehigh Acres, Florida 33971

     

    Prepared for

    FLORIDA INSTITUTE OF PHOSPHATE RESEARCH

    1855 West Main Street, Bartow, Florida 33830

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    Dame DA, Wichterman GJ, Hornby JA. 1995. Mosquito (Aedes taeniorhynchus) resistance to methoprene in an isolated habitat. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1998 Jun;14(2):200-3.

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    Cuda JP, Hornby JA, Cotterilli B, Cattell M. 1997. Evaluation of Coelomomyces for biocontrol of Mansonia mosquitoes in Florida (Diptera: Culicidae). Biological Control 8: 124-130.

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    http://wingbeats.floridamosquito.org/WingBeats/pdfs/Vol15No3.pdf

    Jonathan Hornby. Leading Edge: The Florida Wind Tunnel for Mosquito Control:  pp 18-20

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.2987/8756-971X(2006)22[702:LCOFNU]2.0.CO;2

    JONATHAN A. HORNBY 1, JIM ROBINSON 2, WILLIAM OPP 1, and MILTON STERLING 1. 2006. LASER-DIFFRACTION CHARACTERIZATION OF FLAT-FAN NOZZLES USED TO DEVELOP AEROSOL CLOUDS OF AERIALLY APPLIED MOSQUITO ADULTICIDES . Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 22(4):702-706.

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     PATENTS:

    The following Google link represents a comprehensive overview of research and development, technologies, and intellectual property/patents developed by the Lee County Mosquito Control District (LCMCD) in the areas of mosquito/pest management, bioremediation/ pollution management, and lubricants/friction and management during a period of over 20 years by the former LCMCD Technology Development Center under a research program conducted by Dr. Richard Levy during his tenure as Research Coordinator and Deputy Director of Research.

    For patent information go to:

    https://www.google.com/search?site=&source=hp&ei=Lc9JU8yTEsnIsASFv4GQDA&q=richard+levy%2C+lee+county+mosquito+control+patents&oq=&gs_l=mobile-gws-hp.1.0.41l3.0.0.0.2904.1.1.0.1.1.0.388.388.3-1.1.0….0…1c..40.mobile-gws-hp..0.1.29.3.z02N6G3hVpU

     

    PRESENTATIONS:

    Dr. Richard Levy:

    Delivery_Systems_with_Multiple_Applications

    Surface_Films,_Gelgrade_and_Lubrisorb_Technology

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    Dr. Jonathan Hornby:

    amca2007 mass aerosol sampler

    Best Larvicide Nozzle

    bulk granule loading system

    Canopy Penetration 1998_2010

    Evolution of GPS Mediated Aerial Larviciding

    FLA Wind Tunnel for MC flat-fan vs high pressure

    hornby amca 2001 altosid granules Lee Co Islands

    hornbyamca 2006 rotaryimpinger

    mass aerosol Drift component sampling devicel

    Mass Aerosol Drift ULV Truck

    rotary meter for granular applicator-flow control

    Triggering sprays by GPS

    James Burgess:

    Host seeking flight pattern – Ae aegypti – Ae albopictus

    Host seeking flight pattern — Cx nigripalpus